Laminates are the most commonly used surface finishes for furniture because they offer a decorative look at a relatively low price. They also improve the durability of the furniture because they are scratch-resistant and easy to clean. Due to the availability of different types of laminate, office and corporate offices, industry, restaurants, hotels, showrooms etc. are also decorated with laminates.
Laminates are of different types. High pressure laminates, low pressure laminates and compact laminates are among the main types of laminates. Different production methods are used to produce these laminates. Laminates are available in a variety of models.
They have several unique features that make them ideal for homes and offices. Most laminates available today are scratch resistant and tolerate easily. Laminates can be used on doors, countertops, walls, furniture and other surfaces.
It is also available in a variety of models. They are mostly used to simulate the appearance of textures of solid wood and other natural materials. They are also available in bright colors and funky patterns. In addition, some brands also offer laminates with individual imprints.
Laminates have different properties and advantages such as water resistance, scratch resistance, strength, abrasion resistance etc. and are easy to install. It is available in different sizes, e.g. 2438 mm x 1219 mm, 914 mm x 2134 mm, etc. In general, the thickness of the laminate plates varies from 0.6 mm to 1.5 mm.
Types of laminates
There are several types of laminates based on different uses. Listed Below are some types of laminates
Types of laminates by usage
These have a greater aesthetic appeal in terms of surfaces and patterns. They are used as decorative coatings on furniture.
The industrial laminates are designed to be more resistant to wear. They include high performance laminates that are flame retardant, antibacterial and chemical resistant for use in hospitals and other industries.
Post formed laminates
The post formed laminates are thinner than the ordinary laminates. The post formed laminates are often used to surround tables, columns, and so on.
Types of laminates based on the pressure:
High pressure and low pressure laminates
HPL laminate is generally used with plywood, while LPL laminate is used with MDF.
Laminate types based on thickness:
The thickness of regular decorative laminates is usually from 8 mm up to 1.5 mm. Carpenters glue these panels to common materials such as plywood using standard adhesives
The thickness of compact decorative laminates is commonly from 3 mm to 30 mm. These laminates are self-supporting and therefore do not need to be glued on wood or any other material. The top and bottom of the compact disks have decorative surfaces.
Types of laminates based on advanced properties:
Fire resistant laminate:
Fire-resistant laminate is often used for interior decoration in fire-prone applications such as industry, airports, hospitals, institutions and banks, kitchens, etc.
In hospitals and restaurants where hygiene is the top priority, these laminates are often used. The antibacterial laminate resists the growth of bacteria and pathogens.
Exterior UV laminates:
Exterior UV laminates are used to make billboards.
Use of Laminates
Laminates are mainly used in interior design. Laminates are used indoors and not outdoors.
- Laminates come in different colors, designs and textures. The surfaces in which the laminates are available are: matt, textured wood, antique, gloss, velvet, leather, etc. They are also available in different colors and textures.
- Laminates are available in two types, known as the “high pressure laminate” and “low pressure laminate”. High-pressure laminates are used in carpentry, wall cladding and furniture design. They are used in areas where durability and impact resistance are required. The low pressure laminate is essentially melamine. They are used in areas of low impact. Then a single sheet of laminate is applied. The low pressure laminates are known to be cheaper than the high pressure laminates, but not permanent.
Advantages of Laminates
- It is easy to clean.
- It is easier to install than many conventional surfaces.
- One of the great benefits of laminates is cost effective, meaning it is cheap and also requires less skill in installation.
- It is available in many patterns, patterns, colors and textures and is therefore beautiful.
- It is very durable, hygienic and relatively easy to clean.
- No polishing paint is required.
- Durability: laminates are durable and scratch resistant. They are more resistant to wear, moisture and heat than plywood and solid wood products
- This is the best choice for intensive use environments.
- It can be installed on almost all existing floors.
- It is resistant to wear. In addition, it resists moisture, bumps and also pressure.
- Sweeping or vacuuming is typical, everything to get a clean laminate.
- It is very resistant to scratches and abrasion.
- The availability of a wide range causes the least waste.
How to choose the right laminates
It is important to choose the right laminate for your home. For normal applications you can option for standard laminates. In places where hygiene is important, for example in kitchens and hospitals, it is recommended to use antibacterial laminates. In addition, many laminates available today are fire retardant. These laminates are based on state-of-the-art technology and are considered ideal for kitchens, restaurants and cinemas.
Installation, repair and replacement of Laminate
Laminate floors are light enough and easy to lay compared to glass tiles or marble. These floors are usually installed on existing floors and are majorly ideal for renovation projects.
Furniture and wall panels:
The laminated panels are attached to the furniture using high quality adhesives. Broken or curled laminates on furniture must be completely removed and replaced. This is best done by professionals, as it requires a little finesse.
When should you choose laminate?
Decorative laminates are ideal for everyday use, for example. The floor of your living room or bedroom, tabletops, shutters, etc. They are also a cost-effective and environmentally friendly alternative to solid wood products. Pattern laminates are a great way to revitalize your furniture and interest a space.